Positive Behavior Intervention (PBI) is a method based on the principles of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) for addressing behaviors which students may use in the classroom or school setting which are considered to be not appropriate or "undesired." The Ventura County SELPA has consistently promoted PBI as an overall construct since 1993 through its leadership, staff training, policies, forms, guidelines and published materials.
The underlying tenets of PBI are:
Information on Behavioral Intervention Plans from the California Department of Education (CDE)
UPCOMING VC SELPA BEHAVIOR TRAININGS: Workshops and Events
For a special education student who is exhibiting challenging behaviors which are disrupting the learning process or social activities of self or others at school, the IEP Team may develop a plan to intervene and change the student's behavior. The teacher, parents and other staff who know the student would share information about the occurrence of the behavior, including:
- Defining what the behavior "looks like"
- Determining when and where it occurs most often
- Determining what the student seems to be trying to communicate by using that behavior
Once these issues were all agreed upon, the team would decide what skills the team would like the student to use instead of the challenging behavior. Next, the team would develop a plan for:
These plans, if implemented with fidelity by all parties involved, can be very effective in changing behaviors so that the student is more ready and available to learn. There are a range of plans and strategies for addressing non-desired behaviors. (See Postive Behavior Interventions Continuum).
The most common is the Positive Behavior Intervention Plan (PBIP) , which is usually developed by the Special Education teacher in collaboration other members of the IEP team. A PBIP is included in the IEP.
For behaviors that are not changing with lesser intensive interventions, a Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA) may be conducted. Parents must give permission for an FBA with an Assessment Plan. The FBA report is presented at an IEP meeting and If the team decides a Comprehensive Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP) is needed, it will be developed and attached to the IEP. The CBIP is a more detailed version of a behavior intervention plan.
A PBIP or CBIP must always have goals for teaching a new skill correlated to the behavior and there may be another for measuring the reduction (or elimination) of the non-desired behavior. The PBIP or CBIP and goals become a part of the IEP and progress toward those goals are reported to parents at the periods described in the IEP.
Both PBIPs and CBIPs must have clear methods of data collection to determine their effectiveness. Classroom staff should be collecting data on the occurrence of the new behavior, and report progress to parents along with all other IEP goals. For a list of ideas for interventions please refer to "The 20 Most Challenging Behaviors" in the Positive Behavior Interventions Handbook.
For all Behavior Intervention Forms and Instructions go to "PBI Forms and Instructions." in the menu bar to the left
School or Licensed Educational Psychologists and Board Certified Behavior Analysts are qualified by their professional preparation program to conduct an FBA. In addition, the Ventura County SELPA believes that other staff that meet the following criteria are also properly trained to conduct FBAs:
Possession of a professional license, credential, or bachelor's/master's degree in a related field and
Candidates who would like to obtain VC SELPA PBI Certification will need to attend all three full day trainings and the last half day refresher course (from FBA to CBIP), as well as schedule an individual appointment to sit for an exam which will require completion of a partial Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA) and a Comprehensive Behavior Intervention Plan (CBIP) based on data provided. You will be sent links to the materials you will need to have access to for each day.